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Use laws for addition and subtraction of logarithms to simplify a given logarithmic expression to an arbitrary base.

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#### a)

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We need to use the rule

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\$\\log_a(x)+\\log_a(y)=\\log_a(xy)\\text{.}\$

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Substituting in our values for $x$ and $y$ gives

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\\\begin{align} \\log_a(\\var{x1[1]})+\\log_a(\\var{x1[0]})&=\\log_a(\\var{x1[1]}\\times \\var{x1[0]})\\\\ &=\\log_a(\\var{x1[1]*x1[0]})\\text{.} \\end{align}\

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#### b)

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We need to use the rule

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\$\\log_a(x)-\\log_a(y)=\\log_a\\left(\\frac{x}{y}\\right)\\text{.}\$

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Substituting in our values for $x$ and $y$ gives

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\\\begin{align} \\log_a(\\var{x1[4]*y1})-\\log_a(\\var{x1[4]})&=\\log_a(\\var{x1[4]*y1}\\div \\var{x1[4]})\\\\ &=\\log_a(\\var{y1})\\text{.} \\end{align}\

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Simplify the expressions to fill in the gaps.

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$\\log_a(\\var{x1[1]})+ \\log_a(\\var{x1[0]})=\\log_a($ [[0]]$)$

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$\\log_a(\\var{(x1[4])*y1})-\\log_a(\\var{x1[4]})=\\log_a($ [[0]]$)$

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