// Numbas version: exam_results_page_options {"name": "Simon's copy of Matrix Multiplication 1", "extensions": [], "custom_part_types": [], "resources": [], "navigation": {"allowregen": true, "showfrontpage": false, "preventleave": false}, "question_groups": [{"pickingStrategy": "all-ordered", "questions": [{"statement": "

Let
\$A=\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix},\\;\\; B=\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix},\\;\\; C=\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{c11}&\\var{c12}\\\\ \\var{c21}&\\var{c22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\$
Calculate the following products of these matrices:

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$AB = \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} =$ [[0]]

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$BA = \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}=$ [[0]]

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$CB = \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{c11}&\\var{c12}\\\\ \\var{c21}&\\var{c22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}=$ [[0]]

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$AC = \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{c11}&\\var{c12}\\\\ \\var{c21}&\\var{c22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}=$ [[0]]

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Multiplication of $2 \\times 2$ matrices.

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#### (a)

\n

\$\\begin{eqnarray*} AB &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\simplify[]{{a11}{b11}+{a12}{b21}}&\\simplify[]{{a11}{b12}+{a12}{b22}}\\\\ \\simplify[]{{a21}{b11}+{a22}{b21}}&\\simplify[]{{a21}{b12}+{a22}{b22}}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{ab11}&\\var{ab12}\\\\ \\var{ab21}&\\var{ab22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} \\end{eqnarray*} \$

\n

#### (b)

\n

\$\\begin{eqnarray*} BA &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\simplify[]{{b11}{a11}+{b12}{a21}}&\\simplify[]{{b11}{a12}+{b12}{a22}}\\\\ \\simplify[]{{b21}{a11}+{b22}{a21}}&\\simplify[]{{b21}{a12}+{b22}{a22}}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{ba11}&\\var{ba12}\\\\ \\var{ba21}&\\var{ba22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} \\end{eqnarray*} \$

\n

#### (c)

\n

\$\\begin{eqnarray*} CB &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{c11}&\\var{c12}\\\\ \\var{c21}&\\var{c22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{b11}&\\var{b12}\\\\ \\var{b21}&\\var{b22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\simplify[]{{c11}{b11}+{c12}{b21}}&\\simplify[]{{c11}{b12}+{c12}{b22}}\\\\ \\simplify[]{{c21}{b11}+{c22}{b21}}&\\simplify[]{{c21}{b12}+{a22}{b22}}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{cb11}&\\var{cb12}\\\\ \\var{cb21}&\\var{cb22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} \\end{eqnarray*} \$

\n

#### (d)

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\$\\begin{eqnarray*} AC &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{a11}&\\var{a12}\\\\ \\var{a21}&\\var{a22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\begin{pmatrix} \\var{c11}&\\var{c12}\\\\ \\var{c21}&\\var{c22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\simplify[]{{a11}{c11}+{a12}{c21}}&\\simplify[]{{a11}{c12}+{a12}{c22}}\\\\ \\simplify[]{{a21}{c11}+{a22}{c21}}&\\simplify[]{{a21}{c12}+{a22}{c22}}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix}\\\\ &=& \\begin{pmatrix} \\var{ac11}&\\var{ac12}\\\\ \\var{ac21}&\\var{ac22}\\\\ \\end{pmatrix} \\end{eqnarray*} \$

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